This section of the plan looks at the challenges facing the city, starting with where the previous Council Plan 2012-2017 left off. Starting from a strong foundation The final report on the Council Plan 2012- 2017 concluded that the Council had succeeded in contributing to an increase of 2,200 jobs in the city, aligned with a fall in unemployment from 13.4% to 9.3% over the same period. The waterfront regeneration took shape and funding was secured for the V&A Dundee building. Significant improvement was achieved in school attainment and in young people entering positive destinations. All Council houses were improved to meet the Scottish Housing Quality Standard following a major investment plan. The percentage of adults in Community Regeneration Areas saying in the Council’s annual survey that their neighbourhood is a very good place to live rose to 65% from a baseline of 47% in 2012. However, the final report on the last Council Plan also identified the need to increase the proportion of jobs going to people in Dundee and to increase house building. This new plan addresses these areas for improvement from the previous Council Plan and goes on to raise our sights even further. It sets ambitious targets to raise the percentage of Dundee residents in employment and in higher paid jobs, it aims to close the attainment gap in school achievement of young people and commits us to build more affordable houses. The next section explains why the Council is prioritising certain policies and what approaches are being taken. City Population Profile The city’s population is growing, which is a welcome change from twenty years ago when the population of Dundee was declining. It is now forecast to grow further over the next twenty years by about 6% overall and by 8.4% for the 0-17 age group, although this does not take account of any impact from the UK leaving the EU. Although life expectancy in Dundee is lower than for Scotland as a whole, the proportion of people who are aged 80 and over is higher. The need for additional care services for an older population is being met by designing new integrated health and care services in the community. The graph shows the extent to which Dundee’s share of its population is lower or higher than that for Scotland as a whole. Dundee has more students per head of population than any other Scottish city. Dundee can now be described as a University city with two globally successful universities and a college attracting talented people to Dundee. The Tay Cities collaboration also includes St Andrews University, making the region a globally significant knowledge economy. This is a significant strength as the city region aims to be one of the most productive knowledge–led economies in Europe. Dundee University has also seen the largest growth in admission from the 40% least well off communities. This highlights one of the main ways Dundee is becoming smarter and fairer. Social challenges Being a city that has tackled the root cause of social exclusion is a core part of the city vision and the aspect of our vision with the largest distance to travel. In Dundee, 28.6% (42,405) of the population live within the datazones ranked in the 15% most deprived in Scotland. This includes 35% (8,472) of children in Dundee. Poverty can be exacerbated by discrimination due to disability, race, religion, sex, LGBT or age. Evidence across a range of issues such as attainment, health, mental health and substance misuse highlights a strong correlation between poverty and poorer life outcomes. The number of children on the Child Protection Register in Dundee is 3.4 per 1,000. Domestic abuse, neglect and parental substance misuse are the most common child protection issues. Supporting Looked After Children, especially in terms of educational attainment and their transition to adult life, is the key issue for the Council, as is the protection of vulnerable adults. The level of fuel poverty rose to 37% across all housing tenures in the city. Dundee now has highest level of households in fuel poverty across all Scottish cities (Glasgow 30%, Aberdeen 28%, and Edinburgh 24%). In Dundee 47% of single pensioner households, 23% of family households and 37% of other households suffer from fuel poverty. Youth homelessness has been on the increase in recent years. However, following the introduction of the Dundee Partnership’s Youth Housing Options in 2015 a 35% reduction in applications has been recorded, from 254 in 2015-16 to 164 in 2016-17. Homelessness has been falling since 2012. Through the expansion of Dundee’s Housing Options service, it is anticipated that the number of homeless applicants in the city will continue to fall. Progress and improvement has been made on addressing these issues but there is still a lot to do. The Council does not make poverty an excuse for poor outcomes compared to other places in Scotland - rather it redoubles our ambition to change those outcomes. This plan places the following as top priorities: Top Priorities Tackling poverty through the Fairness Action Plan Giving children the best start in life with integrated Children and Family Services and enhanced early years provision Ensuring children are safe and protected at home, school and in the community Closing the attainment gap for children from poorer areas and those who are looked after Providing housing which is affordable and efficient to heat Economic challenges There is no doubt that economically the city is well on its way to fulfilling the vision of attracting talented people and becoming a vibrant and attractive city where people choose to live, learn, work and visit. The challenge will be maximising the potential opportunities and creating inclusive growth that benefits the whole population. Our ambition is for the Tay Cities economic region to have one of the most productive knowledge-led economies in Europe, ensuring that by becoming smarter, the region also becomes fairer. Almost 20 years since the first masterplan was agreed, the physical and economic impact of the £1 billion Dundee Waterfront project is undeniable. The V&A is due to open in 2018 and will be the only design museum in the UK outside London. It is expected to attract over 350,000 visitors every year. The rest of the Waterfront project stretches 8km along the River Tay offering contrasting opportunities in City Quay, Riverside, Seabraes and the Dundee Port. The formation of Dundeecom, a new private/public sector partnership aimed at creating a major centre for oil and gas decommissioning at the Port of Dundee, will establish Dundee as the predominant decommissioning ‘capital’ for the UK. A significant number of new jobs will be created, ranging from semi-skilled and skilled to professional, academic and managerial. The recent announcement of Dundee being part of the HQ for the new Social Security Agency of the Scottish Government provides a jobs boost for the city, with over 800 jobs associated with the new agency. Dundee has been designated as the UK’s first City of Design by the United Nations. The city received this recognition from UNESCO for its diverse contributions to fields including medical research, comics and video games. Dundee is part of a select group of 22 global cities including Beijing, Turin, Shenzhen, Graz, Berlin and Montreal. Many uncertainties remain about the impact of the UK withdrawing from the EU. We will pay particular attention to the impact on the local economy; on the funding of employability, social inclusion, regeneration and support for key business sectors; and on the work of our Universities which play such a key role in the city. The city’s digital economic output surged 171% to £97 million in the period 2011-2015, the highest turnover growth in the sector in the UK, according to Tech City UK’s report, Tech Nation 2017. A reputation for being a Digital City puts the City Council’s Digital Strategy in the spotlight as an opportunity to cement this reputation and gain from local skills and knowledge. To create inclusive growth the City needs to convert these opportunities into jobs and wage growth for Dundee residents who are either inactive, unemployed or on lower than the average wage. The gap between Dundee and Scotland in terms of employment rate is significant - 66.4% of working age people are employed in the city compared to a Scottish average of 73%. (NOMIS Jan-Dec 2016). Workers in Dundee have average wages of £419 per week compared to a Scottish average of £434, whilst average wage levels of city residents are even lower at £404. Dundee has a youth unemployment rate of 19.5% (NOMIS Jan-Dec 2016, age range 16-24), twice the Scottish rate of male youth unemployment (NOMIS Jan-Dec 2016) Some 2,600 people who are currently unemployed will be helped back into work through implementing the actions set out in the regional economic strategy and this plan over the next 10 years. To achieve the City Vision, a strategy for growth needs to be intertwined with an inclusive approach to benefit people living in the city. Therefore this plan prioritises the following: Top Priorities Implementing the Tay Cities Deal, which can generate an additional £900 million per annuam for the Scottish economy and create up to 15,000 jobs over the ten year life of the programme. Focusing our activities over the next 20 years around a number of key sectoral strengths, life-sciences, healthcare, digital technology, tourism and hospitality and creative industries. Maximising the city's cultural led regeneration Promoting inclusive growth that helps to tackle the deep rooted inequalities Tackling long term unemployment, helping our young people to engage in positive activity and enabling those in entry level jobs to progress to better paid fair employment. Environment Sustainability Challenges The Council’s annual citizens’ survey recorded 96% of people rating the physical environment of their neighbourhood as good or very good place to live. This level of resident satisfaction is not surprising when taking the following facts about Dundee into account: Dundee has more green and open spaces and parks per head of population than any other Scottish city, occupying 28% of the urban area. A sustained amount of community regeneration has taken place over the past twenty years. Four priority physical regeneration area projects in Whitfield, Mill o Mains, Lochee and Hilltown are well advanced and have recorded increased development and reduction in vacant land Dundee has the best performance in the urban family group of local authorities for road maintenance A significant and ongoing investment in modernising the school estate has taken place, giving many areas modern new facilities in the heart of their community All social rented housing stock has been raised to the Scottish Housing Quality Standard Dundee has an enviable waterfront location that stretches 16.5km along the Tay Estuary; the Tay’s water quality makes it one of the best major estuaries in Europe and supports biodiversity and habitats which have been recognised internationally and offered protection through a number of natural heritage designations. Dundee’s CO2 emissions have been reducing and the Council aims to meet its target of a 40% reduction by 2030. A new Sustainable Energy and Climate Action plan is being drafted. Dundee has an Air Quality Action Management Area covering the whole of the local authority area, as there are locations where the Scottish and UK Air Quality Standards and EU limits for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and fine particulates (PM10) are being exceeded. The Scottish Government launched the ‘Cleaner Air for Scotland Strategy – The Road to a Healthier Future’ in 2015 to introduce measures to accelerate the timeline for achieving full compliance with the EU and Scottish air quality standards. The Council is committed to working with the Scottish Government and other partners. The Council is making a significant contribution to tackling pollution by being a leader in rolling out low emission and electric vehicles. Dundee has a rich and varied natural heritage. As well as the Tay Estuary highlighted above, the city hosts 35 nature conservation sites and 3 Local Nature Reserves, with wildlife corridors supporting habitat continuity and biodiversity conservation. A new Urban Biodiversity Plan is being prepared with the aim of setting out a vision for biodiversity through actions relating to Sites, Habitats, Species and People. This plan has already noted Dundee has to address fuel poverty as it is rising compared to the other cities. Dundee, like the rest of the country, has failed to keep pace with demand for new affordable housing. The plan aims to address both issues by building new energy efficient homes. There is a continuing energy efficiency scheme and innovative plans to create more district heating schemes to share the cost of heating homes. The Council is aiming higher in its performance on recycling. This is currently 33% and we aim to be at 60% over the next ten years. That means new recycling systems in communities but also new capacity in waste disposal to recycle more waste and convert more to heat and energy - another opportunity for Dundee to be innovative. The Engage Dundee process received over 6000 responses in preparation for the new City and Council Plans. It highlighted the importance of improving parking, transport and public transport in communities. Transport plays a vital role in quality of life, health and the environment - making streets less congested and safer, reducing the cost and ease of getting to places such as work, school, health and leisure facilities and making a significant contribution to social inclusion, reducing CO2 emissions and improving air quality. Dundee continues to lead the way in the UK in the uptake of electric vehicles and so far is the only Scottish city named as a Go Ultra Low City by the Office for Low Emission Vehicles. To address the sustainability issues this plan is prioritising the following: Top Priorities Delivering significant reduction in CO2 emissions Reducing Fuel Poverty Improving air Quality Prearing a new Urban Biodiversity Plan Increasing the percentage of waste recycled Increasing the number of district heating schemes Increasing Active Travel - walking and cycling to work, school and for leisure Increasing ultra low emission and electric vehicles Improving public transport through innovative approaches to sharing and smart travel Including planning guidance to require all new buildings to incorporate measures to reduce the level of carbon emissions, support renewable energy generation; and encourage the use of heat networks in new developments Publishing a sustainable energy and climate change plan Community Safety Challenges Community safety is about feeling safe at home, at work, walking down the street or in other public places. Local people have told us that feeling safe is a priority for them, so our City Plan sets out how we will work with partners to continue to reduce the rate of crime over the next decade. The Community Safety Hub in Lochee is the focal point of joint resourcing between the Council and its partners. Our Antisocial Behaviour team and Community Safety warden service will continue to work closely with Police Scotland by employing intelligence-led tasking, sharing intelligence on community safety issues received from the public and partners to inform tasking of activities. We also want to lead the way among Scottish cities in reducing domestic abuse. We will continue to work with partners on initiatives to prevent domestic abuse, target perpetrators and support victims. Dundee’s Protecting People team has a vision that our people will have the protection they need, when they need it, to keep them safe from harm. We will continue to support vulnerable adults under the framework of the Adult Support and Protection Committee. The Engage Dundee exercise to inform priorities for the City Plan identified anti-social behaviour issues, drug and alcohol misuse, noise, littering, lighting and local area management as among the priority issues. We will look to develop innovative and proactive ways of responding to antisocial behaviour and address recurring problems through targeted action plans. Reducing re-offending is another high level strategic priority. We are committed to providing skilled multi- agency interventions at every stage of the community justice pathway (prevention, community alternatives to short-term imprisonment, support to those in custody and post custody support). Partnership work will continue with all agencies to ensure that there are services targeted at all stages of the criminal justice system, at different types and levels of risk and need. The provision of Unpaid Work placements continues to expand, representing a mutual exchange between those on Orders and those benefiting from their work, while for highest risk offenders, MAPPA will continue as the coordinated multi-agency response that maximises safety for the public and provides people with opportunities to complete their sentence in the community. The co-location of criminal justice services at Friarfield House, including Police, Voluntary agencies and NHS staff, reflects our determination to ensure that every step on the Community Justice pathway is viewed as a potential life improvement opportunity. We also want to make our roads safer, particularly for the most vulnerable, children, older people, pedestrians and two wheeled road users. Through Dundee Road Safety Forum we will work with partners to coordinate road safety activity including early identification of road network and engineering issues. Top Priorities Reduced levels of crime and fear of crime Reduced levels of domestic abuse Protection of vulnerable adults Reduced levels of re-offending Reduced levels of antisocial behaviour Improved road safety Health and Wellbeing Challenges Comparisons across Scotland show Dundee currently has the second lowest life expectancy , the third highest prevalence of drug misuse and the highest recorded incidence of domestic abuse. Older people can look forward to living fitter and independently for longer. 19% of the population are pensionable age and hope to have opportunities to live a fulfilled life in work and leisure. There will be an increase of 45% in the population aged over 75 by 2037. The 75+ and 90+ age groups, who will see the largest increase in numbers, are those who increasingly rely on unpaid family care and health and social care services, as they become more frail. Dundee ranks in the top five local authorities in Scotland for the prevalence of learning disabilities, physical disabilities, mental health issues and substance misuse. Since the 1980s there has been a two fold increase in child and adolescent obesity in Scotland and a six fold increase in adult obesity. Over 25% of primary 1 children are at risk of being overweight or obese in Dundee compared to 22% in Scotland overall. At primary 1 in 2015/16 Dundee’s children were the third most overweight / obese in Scotland. Top Priorities Integrating Health and Social Care to deliver more care in the community Developing smart health and care strategies to benefit from advances in health technology Improving health and well-being of all citizens - especially for children and families Reducing substance abuse Organisational Challenges The Council has a vital role in enabling transformational change to meet the needs of the city. There are three main drivers of change: The rising population and ageing population The Council has to keep a balanced budget with increasing cost pressures and demands The type of work we do and the technology we use to do it is changing In order to deliver on the priorities set out in the City Plan and our Council Plan we will: Make best use of the financial resources available to us, ensuring best value for the public purse; Have a flexible, skilled and motivated workforce; Listen to, and be responsive to, our customers, shaping our services around their needs and focusing our resources where they are most needed; and Work closely with our partners, including local communities, to deliver a single set of outcomes for all the citizens of Dundee. The Council's actions are built on the delivery of our vision and strategic priorities, and we will measure our performance in terms of our success in achieving these. The diagram below highlights the key numbers relating to Dundee City Council. How the Council shapes itself to empower people, manage finances, and make best use of technology and other assets will be a significant challenge and opportunity. The Council has integrated children and family services and health and social care. The Council is also embracing new technologies that can improve lives and communities such as new online services, smart city initiatives and technology enabled care. The Changing for the Future programme is an established programme which has helped the Council to realise almost £80 million of savings over the course of the past 7 years. Further savings are required over the next three years to balance the budget. This means more innovation is required to find new efficiency savings. The Council's balances are also among the lowest of Scotland's local authorities, so a long term plan to create a more sustainable budget is required. Managing change presents new challenges, including an increasingly complex organisational landscape and changing demands from the public based on their lifestyle, technology use and needs. We have a number of arm's length organisations, strategic partnerships, commissioned service arrangements and alternative delivery models which mean the way we deliver services is increasingly complex. This goes hand in hand with other challenges such as increasingly complex finances, demand for alternative access to services and legislative complexity. The Council is proposing to deal with this by prioritising: Top Priorities Developing a Long Term Financial Strategy Delivering on the Our People Strategy Delivering the new Digital Strategy Developing a new Changing for the Future transformation programme Developing our partnerships and collaborations across the Tay Cities Region Being more Innovative in service design Being more flexible to move faster to the most efficient way of working Continuing to review procurement and asset management to be more economic and efficient with our resources Being ambitious to be a leading council compared our peer authorities in Scotland and elsewhere Go to 'How do we plan to deliver'